Globat Skills Courses

At Globat Skills, we take pride in delivering high-quality training to our students and corporate clients. We teach courses that are of high industry-standard. Courses that guarantee your move to the next stage in your career journey.

Previously, individuals and corporate bodies had to go abroad to learn the skills that would keep them at the top of their game in the oil and gas industry. The CEO of Globat Skills, Boma Femi Julius, who is a seasoned oil and gas engineer, saw this gap and felt the pull to fill it after being a victim of the high cost of going abroad to learn these valuable skills.

By partnering with other seasoned professionals, he was able to bring valuable knowledge and skills home. This, of course, reduced the cost to a very affordable rate. Now, individuals and corporate clients no longer have to go abroad to get this knowledge. Globat Skills has consistently delivered knowledge necessary to scale in the oil and gas sector.

The recent partnership with RCES Training only buttresses the impact that Globat Skills is making.

For a full list of the courses Globat Skills offers, kindly click this link: Globat Skills x RCES Courses

 

RCES TRAINING PARTNERSHIP WITH GLOBAT SKILLS

It is no secret that the oil and gas industry is always evolving and growing. That also means that the need for personnel and skilled hands is always in high demand. Being able to identify this gap and proffer a solution to it is what will/can be the difference in the industry as a whole. Training partnership is one way to bridge this gap.

GLOBAT SKILLS

Globat skills oil and gas training clearly identified this gap and began proferring solutions to it over 20 years ago. They identified that it was very costly for current and intending oil and gas professionals to go abroad for routine training. Training that would help them stay relevant in the industry. These courses were/are highly necessary for not only helping individuals stay relevant but also helping them understand better ways to do things. They also learn industry best practices. Globat skills offer a range of oil and gas courses that are taught by industry experts. These experts have years of experience in the field. 

RCES OIL AND GAS TRAINING

At Globat skills, our mission is to bring affordable and highly beneficial training to companies and individuals in the oil and gas sector to help foster growth and improvement. That is why Globat skills have partnered with RCES oil and gas training who share the same goal and vision as Globat skills. Hard work, integrity, and quality service delivery are the foundation of RCES oil and gas. They aim to provide safety consultation, training, and manpower outsourcing services in the oil and gas industry.

The training partnership between Globat skills and RCES is one that will bring about even greater opportunities. It will also increase access to affordable and high-quality oil and gas training to companies and individuals. This comes at no compromise to the quality of training they offer. 

Click this link to view and download our courses. Explore our website for more.

Drilling Fluids in Oil and Gas

What are drilling fluids?

Drilling fluid, which is also referred to as drilling mud, is used to aid the drilling of boreholes into the earth. It is used in exploration drilling rigs, and also while drilling oil and natural gas wells. Drilling fluids can also be used for less complex drilling tasks such as the drilling of water wells. 

There are two major types of drilling fluids for exploration: Water-based drilling fluids and oil-based drilling fluids. 

Water-based drilling fluids

As the name implies, water-based drilling fluids use water as the continuous phase. They are also used to drill almost 80% of all wells. The base fluid may be freshwater, seawater, brine, etc. Water-based drilling fluids are cheap as the base material is easy to get. Additives are used to change the density and viscosity. It is also used to control filtrate losses. They are particularly good for curing mud losses. When coarse bridging materials are pumped, mud losses are often cured. However, water-based drilling fluids have a major disadvantage which is that they are reactive to clays and lead to time-dependent borehole problems. 

Oil-based drilling fluids

The oil-based drilling fluid was formulated to help address issues which the drilling sector faced. Some of such problems include:

  • Stuck pipe and torque
  • Increased downhole temperatures
  • Formation clays that swell or reacted after exposure to water-based drilling fluids. 
  • Contaminants

Oil-based fluids are formulated with mineral oil, diesel, and paraffin. One major advantage of oil-based drilling fluid is its lower well friction, therefore, they are used in long-reach wells where friction is critical. Capillary pressure prevents oil from invading a water-wet rock.

However, one main disadvantage of oil-based drilling fluids is that if circulation losses arise during drilling, it is difficult to stop the losses. A severe loss case can be time-consuming to cure. 

Conflict Resolution in Oil and Gas

Being at the top matters because there’s room at the top for only a few. Scarcity makes being at the top worth something… Where does the scarcity come from? It comes from the hurdles that the markets and our society set up.” – Seth Godin, THE DIP.

 

Whether you already work in the oil and gas sector or you currently aspire to, becoming an expert is an idea that likely appeals to you.

Experts are supervisors, managers, and senior executives who oversee the most important activities and get the highest pay.

They are consultants who get called in to offer advice and strategic direction when things don’t go as desired.

Experts are the experienced oil and gas workers who get invites to join boards, give a speech or cofound startups in the sector.

Being an expert is cool.

But as bestselling marketing author, marketer and former Yahoo executive, Seth Godin writes in his groundbreaking book, The Dip, getting to the top of any field – the oil and gas industry included – is always tough.

Demands of Being an Expert

There are many hurdles that you’ll face on the road to expertise. The demand for intellectual ability is just one of them.

In the oil and gas sector, particularly, your ability to work cordially with others and to contribute to the group’s effort is an equally important factor. This is because most of the tasks are performed by teams of professionals – from the upstream to the midstream and downstream sectors.

Workgroups are expected to act in unison, support each other, and achieve the set target with military-like commitment. But even in groups driven by obsessive goals, such work standards are unlikely to be met. Many times, these failures can be traced to conflict.

Workplace conflict is a serious disagreement between workers. It could be a small issue; perhaps an argument between roustabouts where one party reacts verbally to gossipy coworkers, or a big issue; a situation where the verbal argument escalates into a violent fight.

Various factors contribute to conflicts at work. Some of the more common factors are lack of effective communication, different work ethics, values and opinions, contrasting personalities, and workplace bullying or harassment.

How workplace conflict can derail your career in the oil and gas sector.

If you’re ambitious, diligent and hope to become an industry expert one day, unresolved conflict in the workplace can affect your professional aspirations in the following ways:

  1. Conflict can reduce your self-esteem.

According to conflict researchers Bernard Omisore and Ashimi Abiodun, workplace conflict can affect your satisfaction at work, increase your anxiety, and exclude you from others even during group activities.

Conflict can also cause you stress and pressure, as emphasized in this Chron.com article, “In some instances, organization members may avoid meetings to prevent themselves from experiencing stress and stress-related symptoms.”

Stress, anxiety, and exclusion are all closely related to low self-esteem – the measure of love and regard that you have for yourself.

Conflict can make you doubt your abilities in an unhealthy way. You compare yourself to others and you doubt your strengths; leading to low self-esteem. This is likelier to happen if you are always on the receiving end of workplace disagreements, for example; if your supervisor and coworkers constantly berate you for having a different attitude or opinion during group activities.

Is self-esteem important for success?

Yes.

“Without self-esteem, one lacks the courage to attempt new challenges and is hesitant to interact with others.” Goes an evergreen statement in an article by Sandra Hirst and Barbara Metcalf in a 1984 issue of the Journal of Gerontological Nursing.

Oil and gas workers with high self-esteem are more motivated, can withstand difficult situations, and are pro-active in their professional developments. They’re also happier, more comfortable to work with and they are always the first on the line for a promotion.

  1. Conflict can affect your productivity.

How many times have you been mentally distracted at work because of recent disagreements with a coworker? How often has this tainted your performance?

According to a whitepaper by the Mediation Training Institute at Eckerd College,

“Poorly managed or dysfunctional conflict hurts productivity, escalates out-of-pocket costs, increases risks, degrades decision making, and impedes an organization’s ability to achieve strategic goals.”

Worrying about the conflict, complaining to other coworkers about the conflict and avoiding those involved in the conflict are unproductive tactics that will hinder your ability to cope with new challenges and can put your employment at risk.

  1. Conflict can endanger your job.

A study by Psychometrics Canada Ltd, published in 2009, revealed that “Over 81% of human resource personnel have seen someone leave an organization as a result of conflict, and almost half (43%) have seen someone fired because of it.”

Although the focus of the study was on the Canadian workforce, their findings on the effects of conflict are strikingly similar to what is obtainable around the world.

Unresolved conflicts could force you to resign.

Also, when you respond to a conflict in an unproductive, violent, or undesirable manner – such as fighting, cursing, lying or threatening coworkers – you may lose your job.

Losing your job can affect your self-esteem, your interpersonal skills, and professional ambitions.

Bernard Omisore and Abiodun Ashimi’s “10 Mistakes To Avoid During A Conflict.”

Want to improve your conflict management or resolution skills? You can start from the tips provided by Bernard Omisore and Abiodun Ashimi in their paper on organizational conflict in the International Journal of Academic Research in Economics and Management Sciences;

Excellent communication can strengthen relationships and develop trust and support, while poor communication can create mistrust and misunderstanding.  Some negative attitude and communication patterns that worsen the conflict situation in relationships include:

  • Avoiding Conflict Altogether:

    Rather than discussing disagreements in a calm, respectful way, some people do not say anything to their partner until they are ready to explode, and then they are prepared to speak in an angry, hurtful manner. This seems to be less stressful to avoid the conflict situation, but usually, it causes more stress to both parties as tensions rise to more significant conflict.

  • Being Defensive:

    Rather than understanding the complaints of a partner and his/her point of view, defensive people steadfastly deny their wrong behavior and work hard to avoid looking at the possibility that they could continue to contribute to a problem. It creates long-term problems when partners do not feel listened to and understood. In this case, unresolved conflicts continue to grow.

  • Over Generalizing:

    While addressing complaints, a person should not use generalizations. For example, he/she should avoid starting sentences with “you always,” “you never,” “you always come home late” or “you never do what I want you to do!” It is irritating to the other person. Bringing up past conflicts can increase the level of the current conflict.

  • Being right:

    Some people decide the “right” way look at things and the “wrong” way to look at things, and they are sure that only their view on things is right. It is necessary not to demand that your partner see things the same way and don’t take it as a personal attack if there are differences in opinion. It is important to reach a compromise and remember that two points of view can both be valid.

  • “Psycho Analysing” / Mind – Reading:

    Sometimes people think negative about a partner because they give faulty interpretations of their actions. They do this because they do not think about the thoughts and feelings of the partner, and it creates hostility and misunderstandings. It is essential to let the other person express his/her thoughts and feelings.

  • Forgetting To Listen:

    Some people are not good listeners: they interrupt, roll their eyes, and release whatever they are going to say next. People should develop listening skills to strengthen the communication process.

  • Playing The Blame Game:

    Some people in conflict situations always criticize the other person. They always find ways or embarrassing others Instead of blaming the other person it is necessary to view conflict as an opportunity to analyze the situation objectively and understand the needs of both parties and come up with a solution that is helpful to both parties.

  • Trying To “Win” The Argument:

    People who are focused on “winning” the argument can lose the relationship. There should be mutual understanding and respect

  • Making Character Attacks:

    Sometimes negative actions from a person can be blown up into a personality flow.  This can lead to negative perceptions on both sides.  It is important to respect the person even if he/she has bad behavior.

  • Stone Walling:

    Some people behave like a “stonewall” and refuse to talk or listen to their partners when disagreements occur. Stonewalling does not solve the problem but creates hard feelings and damages relationships.

References.

  1. Hirst, S & Metcalf, B. Promoting Self Esteem. Journal of Gerontological Nursing. 1984;(2).
  2. Omisore, B & Abiodun, A. Organizational Conflicts: Causes, Effects, and Remedies. International Journal of Academic Research in Economics and Management Sciences. 2014;3(6).
  3. Psychometrics Canada Limited. Warring Egos, Toxic Individuals, Feeble Leadership: A study of conflict in the Canadian workplace. 2009.

Download Our Free Case Study

Download our free case study.

Discover how GLOBAT oil and gas skills worked to transform Benjamin Bandele. He was a former Quality Assurance and Quality Control (QA/QC) trainee. Globat skills transformed him into a promising mud engineer at Librod Energy Services Limited.

The case study is free, easy to read and quick to download.

Who should download this case study?

If you aspire to work in oil and gas or you currently do so, you will benefit from learning about how Globat oil and gas skills is helping other ambitious professionals like you nurture and achieve their goals.

Human Resources (HR) Executives interested in the development of their employees’ skills and capabilities will also discover why they should make Globat their first choice.

Case Study Globat

OIL RESERVOIR: OIL AND GAS DEPOSITS

Formation

Oil and natural gas are formed by organic matter deep in the earth by dead plants and animals. This formation typically takes millions of years under very specific pressure and temperature conditions.

Process

When plants and animals die, they are exposed to ambient air or oxygen-rich water which causes it to oxidize. All elements contained in the matter combine with oxygen in the air and breaks down into the water, carbon dioxide, nitrates, sulfates and phosphates that return to nourish new plants.

 

Some of this organic matter escape this fate and are transported by the water where they end up at the bottom of the sea or in large continental lakes. At a depth of 2,000 meters and temperature of 100oC, kerogen begins to release hydrocarbons. Between 2,000 to 3,800 meters, it turns to oil. This depth interval is also known as the oil window. Production of hydrocarbons peaks at 3,800 to 5,000 meters. Liquids become lighter and gradually turn to methane gas. This depth interval is referred to as the gas window.

Petroleum Reservoir

A petroleum reservoir is a subsurface pool of hydrocarbons contained in porous or fractured rock formations. Reservoir rocks are typically sandstone reservoirs and carbonate reservoirs. Sandstone reservoirs are of a higher quality because it contains a primary mineral called quartz which is strong and stable. The carbonate reservoirs are formed from coral, shells and other biogenic materials making them less solid than sandstone. There are two broad categories of petroleum reservoirs: the conventional and the unconventional reservoirs. In conventional reservoirs, naturally occurring hydrocarbons such as crude oil and natural gas are trapped by overlying rock formations with low permeability. However, in unconventional reservoirs, the rocks have high porosity and also low permeability that keep the hydrocarbons trapped in place. This does not require a cap rock. Petroleum reservoirs are found using hydrocarbon exploration processes.

Conclusion

The proportion of liquids (oil) and gas generated in this process depends on the type of source rock. More oil than gas will be produced if the organic debris is composed mostly of animal origin. However, if the organic debris consists of mostly plant debris, the source rock will produce mostly gas.

It takes about 60 million years for dead animals to become liquid hydrocarbons with an average sedementation of 50 meters every million years.

 

DEEPWATER OIL DRILLING

What is Deepwater Drilling? Deepwater drilling is the process of digging deep wells to drill oil. Deepwater drilling was not a technologically and financially feasible solution, but in recent times, more companies are seeing the economic benefits of deepwater drilling. Currently, there are over 3,400 deepwater wells in the Gulf of Mexico.

To find oil deposits, exploratory drilling has to be carried out else the seabed will be full of massive wells with nothing in them. And this can lead to damage to the earth’s crust leading to other environmental problems. A mobile drilling platform is sent out first to explore a site. Exploratory drilling typically requires four temporary wells to obtain core samples. Detection of petroleum during drilling signals the end of the drilling process. Samples are then taken to perform tests to ensure that the oil quality and quantity are sufficient to allow further actions to continue on that site.

DRILLING PROCESS

After determining the quality and quantity of petroleum deposits, a production well is drilled. An average well is expected to last between 10 to 20 years before it is no longer termed profitable. In addition to being built with the long-term in mind, production platforms should be able to withstand severe weather conditions considering that they are fixed to the ocean floor using concrete or metal foundations.

 

Another interesting aspect of deepwater oil drilling is directional drilling. Not all drilling wells go straight down. Directional drilling enables oil platforms to sink wells into the ocean floor at an angle to reach petroleum deposits that are miles away.

There are two main types of drilling rigs: the semi-submersible drilling rigs and drillships. 

Types of Deepwater Drilling Facilities

The types of deepwater drilling facilities that exist are:

    1. Fixed Platform: A fixed platform consists of a tall, steel structure supporting a deck. It is one of the most expensive platforms to build because it is anchored to the seafloor and can reach up to 1,600 feet.
    2.  Compliant Tower Platform: is a type of fixed platform because it is also anchored to the seafloor and has a workplace above the water surface. The difference is that the tower of a complaint platform is taller and narrower. It can also reach a depth of 3,000 feet.
    3. Semii-Submersible Platform: This platform is bulky and floats above the surface. However, the wellhead is on the seafloor. Extra precautions have to be taken to prevent leaks. They can reach a depth of 6,560 feet.
    4. Jack-Up Rig: It is a mobile unit with a floating hull that is moveable. At the desired location, the legs are lowered to the seafloor and locked in place while the platform rises to the surface.
    5. Subsea System: These are wellheads that are directly on the seafloor and extract oil straight from the ground. There are pipes attached that can siphon the oil to platform rigs and overhead ships. It is a popular choice for companies.
    6. Spar Platform: A spar platform uses a large cylinder to a floating deck from the seafloor. Averagely, 90% of a spar platform is underwater. With new technology, they can reach 11,500 feet below the surface.
    7. Tension-Leg Platform: This platform has a floating structure, held by tendons reaching the seafloor. Used for drilling smaller deposits in narrow areas. They are also a low-cost way of getting oil, making them a favorite for companies. They can reach 3,940 feet below the surface.

HEALTH AND SAFETY

Deepwater oil drilling has been in existence for a long time and shows no sign of going out of fashion. However, no one is ignorant of how potentially dangerous the oil and gas industry is, and that is why companies engage in extensive training for their employees. Globat Skills is a training school that teaches companies and individuals on how to prevent risks on the job. 

 

 

Mud Engineering & Mud Logging

Mud Engineering & Mud Logging

Before we explore all the fine details, we would need to know what exactly is mud engineering. Mud engineering is one of the operations of the upstream sector (read more about the oil and gas sectors here.)that involves extraction. It doesn’t have to do with just mud; it also includes other drilling issues as well. Drilling mud which is also called drilling fluid is a dense and viscous mixture used during drilling in oil and gas operations.

The drilling mud carries cut rocks to the surface of the drill area and also lubricate the drill bit. The drilling mud is essential in the oil and gas drill process because it prevents the collapse of unstable layers of rock from collapsing into the borehole and also the intrusion of water.

Who is a Mud Engineer?

A mud engineer or drilling fluids engineer (or in fun terms “Mud Man”) is a person who works oil well drilling rig. This person is responsible for the drilling mud, as discussed above, and ensures specifications are met and maintains all the right properties. The job of the mud man is vital because the entire drilling operation is dependent on the quality of the drilling mud used. The mud man is also responsible for mud logging. To find out how you can get started, visit www.globatskills.com

What is Mud Logging?

Mud logging involves the monitoring of a rig site, the assessment of the information brought to the surface during the drilling process. It is a detailed record, also called a well log, that examines the cuttings of rock brought to the surface during the drilling process.

By examining and recording the cuttings of rock brought to the surface by the drilling mud, one can get specific predictions about the oil rig. Some of the objectives of mud logging are finding estimates of porosity and permeability levels of the drill site, monitoring safety-related sensing tools, monitoring and evaluating hydrocarbons released from the drilled formations.

Why Mud Engineering?

No denying that there are a lot of attractions towards becoming an oil worker but for those who are interested in becoming mud engineers, what exactly should be the attraction for you besides the usual perks of being an oil worker.

  • It improves your analytical skills. You will learn to analyze complicated drilling plans and make possible predictions for flaws even before the start of the project.
  • Sharpens creativity. You will be able to find new solutions to new problems every time as each oil and gas field is different.
  • Team-work. Mud engineering is not a one-man job. You will learn to work with others and still meet your objectives.
  • Problem-solving skills. With every new field you encounter, you face new challenges. This skill will help you hone your problem-solving skills properly.

These are just a few of the benefits of becoming a mud engineer. But it’s not a walk in the park. To become a mud engineer, you would need to undergo the training and get the skills required for such a role.

That’s where Globat Skills Oil and Gas come in. We offer an intensive training course on mud engineering and mud logging at our training school where we teach you from the basics to the main deal. All you need to do is send us an email: info@globatskills.com or visit our website www.globatmudschool.com for more information.

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Oil and Gas Supply Chain: Upstream, Midstream and Downstream

Oil and Gas Supply Chain: Upstream, Midstream, and Downstream

For every time you visit a petrol station to fuel your tank or use the cooking gas in your home, you make up the final piece of a long supply chain. The oil and gas industry comprises of different components and each one compliments the other; just as the human body comprises of different members that work together.

This article will address the three major components of the oil and gas industry: Upstream, Midstream, and Downstream.

Upstream

The upstream sector of the oil and gas industry covers the exploration, development, and production of crude oil and natural gas. This sector is often referred to as the “Exploration and Production” (E&P) section. Some of the activities involved in the upstream sector are: searching for areas underwater containing crude oil/natural gas, recovering them and storing them before bringing them to the surface. It also covers the drilling of exploratory wells. The upstream sector contains processes that are quite complex when you compare them to the other sectors. This is because they happen under hazardous conditions.

Another key point to the upstream oil and gas sector is that it is heavily regulated by the government. Regulations exist to prevent major disasters such as oil spills.

Midstream

Now that the produced crude oil has been stored in tanks, it needs to be transported to refineries for further processing to produce even more valuable products. Some of these products include aviation fuel, kerosene, liquified petroleum gas, etc. that will be useful to the end user. The activities that happen between transporting the crude oil from upstream storage tanks to the refineries are lumped together as the midstream sector operations.

However, the reason why the midstream is not as popular as the upstream or downstream sectors is that some of the midstream activities can be added to either of the upstream or downstream. The major activities of the midstream sector are the transportation and marketing of wholesale products.

Downstream

This sector covers the main business activities such as refining crude oil to producing valuable products. It also covers marketing and selling these products to commercial and end users. Some of the processes involved in the downstream sector are refinery planning, marketing, sales and billing plans, etc. Proper planning has to go into the supply process between when the refined products leave storage to the commercial and end users.

Marketing of the finished products is a big deal. It would require a team of dedicated workers who will be able to spread the word of the company’s goods.

Conclusion

The oil and gas industry is wide and complex hence the reason it is broken down into various smaller sectors. These sectors are further broken into sub-components. However, being a master in one sub-component is all you really need.  You can then go on to become an industry expert in that field. For a list of some of the courses you can start with, visit www.globatskills.com/services or send us an email: info@globatskills.com

 

Risk Management in the Oil and Gas Industry

Risk Management in the Oil and Gas Industry

What is risk management?

Risk management is the identification, evaluation, and prioritization of risks. It is accompanied by coordinated and economical application of resources to minimize, monitor, and control the probability or impact of unfortunate events or to maximize the realization of opportunities.

The above definition is a general definition for most (or all) businesses. For every business however, this definition may be tweaked to suit that businesses niche.

What is risk management in oil and gas?

Risk management in oil and gas is basically the identification, evaluation, and prioritization of risks in the oil and gas sector. This may be on the drilling rigs, semi-submersibles, engineering equipment, refineries, etc.

There are three major categories of risks in the oil and gas sector. They are:

  • Economic risk
  • Political risk and
  • Environmental risk

ECONOMIC RISK:

Oil and gas economic risks are hugely affected by money, the economy at every given point in time. Some factors that can affect oil and gas economically are:

  1. Oil price collapse. The rise and fall in the price of oil greatly affect the economy and in turn, affects products made with oil and gas raw materials. When there is a rise in the price of oil, there is almost always an equal rise price of other products.
  2. Capital cost overruns. These are “one-time bill payments” that later cost way more than was originally envisioned in the budgeting phase.
  3. High operating costs. This is no news. The cost of running and maintaining an oil rig is pretty high.


POLITICAL RISK:

A small change in a country’s management or political philosophies can result in a re-evaluation of the country’s oil and gas reserves. Some changes include: change in taxation structure, change in economic terms and revision of production shares.


ENVIRONMENTAL RISK:

Environmental risks involving oil and gas are not foreign to many. For example pollution, flood, fire, ecological damage, etc.  

Managing risks in the oil and gas industry involve more than just identifying the risks. Therefore it requires dedicated workers that would assess portfolios for optimization and using complex mathematical models, assess various risk-return relationships. Using a probability profile to evaluate risk make better-informed decisions than making single point evaluations.
In conclusion, learning about the intricate details of managing oil and gas risks will enable you to do more for yourself, the society and the planet. Join forces with those who strive hard to make the oil and gas industry a low-risk venture. Learn about health and safety with the Globat Skills Health and Safety training course.